Climate Change, Fighting Cattle and Plant Diseases Powed scientists from the agro-settor to apply new methods that could only be found in films. We have compiled a list of agricultural technologies that intersect with motifs of famous moviestin.
Antiutopia «Green Coylet» tells the viewer about the overpopulated world in which food is completely exhausted, but the output was supposedly found in plankton. The story turn leads the main character to the terrible conclusion about the true origin of the only power supply — human meat.
Nowadays, cannibalism no longer threatens humanity, as scientists still synthesized artificial meat. At the moment, a kilogram of such a product costs about 6,000 rubles. After 4 years, the cost should fall up to 800 rubles. For the synthesis, one piece of calf muscle tissue is sufficient. Animal cells are placed in a nutrient medium to maintain their growth and division, after which it remains only to wait.
In the plot of the film «InterSellar» climate change led to the fact that wheat no longer grew. The main character was forced to plant hectares of the earth alone only by corn, although by profession he generally appeared by NASA’s pilot.
In the real world, the state of the soil is still far from the same unsuitable state as in the Oscar-free film, but climate change really contributes substantial adjustments to farmers’ plans. Participants in the Agtech Forbes 2019 summit reached the consent that it is necessary to plant more coating crops and apply organic fertilizers instead of chemical. The reason for such a decision was the statistics according to which 1/3 of all greenhouse gas emissions fall on agriculture.
The technologies of processing organic fertilizers were relevant again, but now they are also economically beneficial. From the manure they learned to restore nutrients using the separation of coarse solid particles and liquids. This process is carried out using inclined sieve, sieve with a rotating drum and screw presses. The final product turns out to be concentrated that saves farmers for transportation.
If fertilizer with high phosphorus is needed, centrifuges, vibration and inclined screens are used, as well as crystallization of the clip, which gives dry, granulated fertilizer with slow release. Small solid particles are not thrown out, but are used as compost, fertilizer, soil additive, while the liquid turns into waste water for irrigation.
The manure is already actively used for energy production using pyrolysis technologies and torker, which indirectly intersects with the plot of the film «Back to the Future 2», where Deloryan’s time machine worked on household waste, including organic.
The torker is a low-temperature pyrolysis version, aimed at sealing the energy contained in biomass solids, by producing bio-carbon. Russia also paid attention to the potential of biofuels. In October, a plant for the processing of manure in electricity opened in the Leningrad region, which gives 140 kWh per day.
In the anti-astope film «Idiocracy», the government decided that the plants would need to water the Brawndo drink, in which there are electrolytes. As a result, the plant did not grow up, and watering with water in an amazing way saved the situation.
In the real world, watering still occurs a classic method — 80% of fresh water consumed is spent on agriculture. However, irrigation technology now allow you to control and save consumption of a valuable resource.
Using smart technologies, the state of the soil and weather conditions in real time is monitored. To do this, infrared, multispectral sensors and humidity sensors, satellite images, dispatch management and data collection systems are used.
Separately, it is possible to distinguish the rapid development of point irrigation systems, such as the system of watering corners and protrusions of the field and drip irrigation. Laser field alignment is applied in uneven areas to prevent the formation of overvaluedness and reduce the overall consumption of water.
Systems of autonomous irrigation must work trouble-free, otherwise the plants dried. They consist of strain gauge sensors, valve controllers and a wireless controller. Tensometers are installed next to the root system, and the valve switch interacts with it at a distance of 1 km and adjusts the opening of the hydraulic valve.
The microcontroller is responsible for collecting data. It sends cellular information to a cloud server, which is in response to the Sail of the opening and closing commands of the valves. The decision on watering is not taken by a person, but a mathematical algorithm that analyzes information from all sensors.
According to the plot of the film «I — Legend», humanity turned out to be an affected virus, originally adopted as a universal cure for cancer. People and animals are also exposed to the virus. A similar tie is observed in «28 days later,» in which the monkey infected with an unknown virus caused the death of a whole country.
In fact, animals are very often sources of the spread of dangerous diseases: bird flu, Siberian ulcers, cow’s rabies, plague, etc. Scientists are constantly looking for methods for the rapid detection of dangerous symptoms and technology help a lot in this.
Startup Advanced Animal Diagnostics allows farmers to quickly identify infectious diseases in animals with a few drops of blood or feces. Early detection of diseases can help farmers save money, preventing other animal disease and reducing the costs of antibiotics.
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